Ancient China Ming Dynasty

The Yuans were succeeded by the Ming dynasty that ruled China from 1368 to 1644 AD. Emperor Hongwu who was the founder of the Ming dynasty was a peasant.

Since he was a farmer himself, Emperor Hongwu made several laws that were helpful for the peasants like low land tax, keeping the granaries stocked, maintaining dikes on rivers like Yellow and Yangtze.

One of the highlights of the Ming dynasty was emergence of novels and other written literature that was inspired from the works of the Chinese story tellers. Dictionaries were also written. The one that was written in 1615 A.D. reduced the number of signs for Chinese characters to 214 from more than 540 signs.


Yet another art form that received great importance was wood cut and Block printing. Initially, the capital of the Ancient Chinese Ming dynasty was in Nanjing but the third emperor moved the capital to Beijing.


Another historic contribution of the Mings was the construction of the Great Wall of China. Although several dynasties before the Mings had tried to build Great Walls, the current Wall has been built mainly by the Mings. The Ming dynasty must be credited to brick and granite work along with redesigning of watch towers and placing cannons along the Wall.

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